Municipality of Martano

The coat of arms of the country is represented by a centurion who tamed a rebellious horse, the symbol was chosen by martanesi to remember the deeds of its founder. Civic emblem of Lecce, also imprinted on the front door of the city that no longer exists, there is a Latin inscription: "IN Virum SILICES VERTIT Martius PEGASEUS AEGIDE" or Marzio Pegaseo converts the aegis, the shield of Zeus, the man in a rock.
The mother church dedicated to Our Lady of the Assumption, built with local stone of local wiring, replacing the old building greek rite is an elegant, baroque, and the rst-order houses the gateway inquarato by nely carved columns, supported by two lions and sorontato a niche in which is placed the statue of the Madonna dell 'Assunta.
The Church of the Rosary, built in 1652 together with the convent of the Dominicans, which was an integral part clearly reects the Baroque period of the rst half of 600.
Lecce stone is smooth and lends itself to every whim decorative chisel. Just come to church to be captivated by the charm of twisted columns of the altar against the walls around the perimeter, the garlands, the capitals, the shelves, frames, badges, niches, statues, by the richness and variety of decorations in their soft plastic, seem to bloom , as if by magic, under the chisel of unknown authors.
The site Apigliano in the heart of Salento Greece, was an ancient medieval village of Otranto, which has now become a unique archaeological site.
It is now known through the existence of the church, now deconsecrated, the Santa Maria, but known by the inhabitants of the land as San Lorenzo, and the two farms, Apigliani Apigliani Small and Large. The excavations, conducted since 1997, have highlighted the phases of village life from the eighth century, when the Salento was part of the Byzantine Empire.
Martano is an Italian town located in the Salento center of the province of Lecce in Puglia.
It 's the most populous municipality in Greece Salento area ellenofona which speaks a' language of ancient Greek origin, the griko.
Bordered to the north with the municipalities of Calimera Martignano and on the east by the Municipality of Carpignano Salentino south with the municipalities of Castrignano the Greeks and Corigliano d'Otranto to the west with the municipality of Zollino.
Martano has a Mediterranean climate with mild winters and warm summers are wet.
After the fall of the Roman Empire, the town was inhabited by settlers from the East to the 486 fell under the dominion of greubbendo process grecizzazione lasted over ve centuries.
The inuence of Greek and Byzantine inuensò so radically uses costumes and the local language (griko). Greek culture still persists and is to be found in the traditions and folklore!
The courtyard houses are a typical form of settlement in Greece of Salento Salento and in general. They are the type of home construction of the patriarchal family, that unity which, through a single access from the road represented by a simple arched portal, arranged around an open space (the Court), the individual units, often one compartment, belonging to the same family.
Most of the "suburbs" of Martano consist of this type of a typical rural economy almost essential. Zaca Via and Via Catumerèa streets are almost exclusively made up of "Case in Court" where, despite the changes, it is always identied the type base.Con the growing phenomenon of deruralizzazione the "House at Court" has
been deprived of specialist environments such as small stable, usually placed in the garden or in a corner of the courtyard next to the wall bordering the road.
The simplicity of this type manifests the socio - economic status of rural class in the common area of the court would nd a way to socialize most of the household chores and to escape qull'isolamento which is typical of peasant labor.
Often the "Common Court" saw the declaration of 7:00 to 8:00 families, a phenomenon now completely disappeared.

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